Monday, 10 October 2022

Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)

Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) 

About Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) 

The Center for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) established as a scientific society in March 1988 by the Department of Electronics, Ministry Information Technology was intended to conduct R & D work in design, development and deployment of advanced information technology based solution. Later, the CDAC was recognized as a center of excellence by the government of India as well as other national and international agencies. 

The high performance Super Computer PARAM was the major contribution of CDAC. It also has pioneered in Graphics and Intelligence based Script Technologies (GIST). GIST has increased the use of computers in all major Indian languages. 

Its service areas include the sectors of Information Technology and IT based solutions in areas like Financial and Capital market simulation and modeling, Network and Internet Software, Healthcare, Real Time Systems, eGovernance, Data Warehousing, Digital library, Artificial Intelligence and Natural language processing. It conducts research and development in the following sectors. 

High Performance Computing & Communication for scientific and business applications 


Turnkey Solutions for Power, Telecom, Health, Financial Market etc. 

Third party products based value - addition in products and services 



The C-DAC has dedicated centers to provide training programmes both in India as well as overseas. The C-DAC centers are called as groups. 




Bar Council Of India (BCI))

 About Bar Council of India (BCI) 

The Bar Council of India (BCI) is a statutory body, constituted by Government of India under Advocates Act 1961. The main objective intended was to control and govern the working of all immediate subsidiary state-level bar councils besides laying down the standards of professional conduct and etiquette. 

It comes under the purview of Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India and it is a corporate body having perpetual succession and a common seal. The council has 18 members including the Attorney General of India and the Solicitor General of India. The Attorney General and the Solicitor General are the Ex-officio Members, while the other 16 Members of the council represent the 16 State Bar Councils in the country. The council is headed by a Chairman and Vice-Chairman, who are selected from among the council members for two-year tenure. The council members are elected for period of five years. The Bar Council of India has constituted several committees such as the Education Committee, the Disciplinary Committees, the Executive Committee, the Legal Aid Committee, the Advocates Welfare Fund Committee, the Rules Committee and various other Committees formed to look after

the specific issues arising from time to time. The functions of the Bar council of India under section7 (1) of the Advocates Act 1961 are given below.  

  • Lays down the standards of professional conduct and etiquette for advocates 
  • Lays down the procedure to be followed by its disciplinary committee and the disciplinary committee of each State Bar Council Safeguards the rights, privileges and interest of advocates 
  • Promotes and supports law reforms 
  • Deals and disposes any matter arising under Act, which may be referred to it by a State Bar Council
  • Exercises general supervision and control and disposes any matter arising under Act, which may be referred to it by a State Bar Council 
  • Exercises general supervision and control over State Bar Councils
  • Promotes the legal education and lays down the standards of such education in consultation with the Universities in India imparting such education and the State Bar Councils 
  • Recognizes the Universities whose degreePromotes the legal education and lays down the standards of such education in consultation with the Universities in India imparting such education and the State Bar Councils
  • Recognizes the Universities whose degree in law shall be a qualification for enrolment as an advocate. It inspects Universities and monitors the functioning with respect to the law degrees. 
  • Conducts seminars and organizes talks on legal topics by eminent jurists and publish journals and papers of legal interest 
  • Organizes the legal aid to the poor in the prescribed manner 
  • Recognizes on a reciprocal basis foreign qualifications in law obtained outside India for the purpose of admission as an advocate under this Act 
  • Manages and invests the funds of the Bar Council 
  • Provides for the election of its members 
  • Provides funds for setting up law libraries 
  • Performs all other functions conferred on it by the Act 
  • Constitutes special funds to assist the various welfare schemes being run for the indigent and disabled advocates 
  • Performs all actions which are necessary for discharging the aforesaid functions 

State Bar Councils in India 

  • Bar Council of Andhra Pradesh, High Court Building, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 
  • Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram & Arunachal Pradesh High Court Building, Gauhati -781 001. Post Box No. 182
  • Bar Council of Bihar, High Court Campus, Patna, Bihar 
  • State Bar Council of Chhattisgarh High Court premises, Bilaspur - 495 001. Chhattisgarh 
  • High Court Building, Sher Shah Suri Road, New Delhi 
  • Bar Council of Gujarat, 3rd Floor, "Satyamev Complex" Opp. High Court Building, Sola, Ahmedabad - 380 060
  • Bar Council of Himachal Pradesh, High Court Building, Ravenswood, Shimla - 171 001 Himachal Pradesh 
  • Bar Council of Karnataka, Old K.G.I.D. Building, 1st Floor (Left Wing End) Adjacent to the High Court Building, Bangalore-560001. Karnataka 
  • Bar Council of Kerala, Bar Council Bhawan, High Court Campus, Ernakulam-682 031.
  • High Court Compound, Jabalpur- 482007 Madhya Pradesh 
  • Bar Council of Maharashtra & Goa, 2nd Floor High Court Extn., Fort, Mumbai - 400032. Maharastra 
  • Bar Council of Orissa, Kacheri Road, Cuttack - 753 002 Orissa
  • Bar Council of Punjab & Haryana S. C. O. No. 308 Sector 38-D (Market) Chandigarh - 160 014
  • Bar Council of Rajasthan, High Court Building, Jodhpur-342 001.
  • Bar Council of Tamil Nadu, High Court Compound, Chennai - 600104 Tamil Nadu
  • Bar Council of Uttar Pradesh, 19, Maharishi Dayanand Marg, Allahabad - 211 001 
  • Bar Council of West Bengal, 2 & 3 Kiransankar Roy Road, Kolkota.-700 001 West Bengal 
  • The Registrar High Court of Jammu & Kashmir High Court Campus, Jammu

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) 

About Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) 

In March 1944, Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha started the Nuclear Science Research program in India with an aim of making India as self reliant in the area of nuclear sciences and technologies. His path to perfection has made the Indian Atomic Energy Programme to be one of the best programmes in the world. 

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is a unique nuclear research institute which carries out a number of researches in the division of nuclear sciences and related technologies.

The BARC Training School offers one year OCES program and two year DGFS program for the fresh engineering graduates and science post graduates. Besides, a number of research programs and other service programs are offered at BARC and at its several other centers or centers associated with it. 

The candidates having analytical minds and are willing to take challenges can join this program. There are clear necessary written tests followed by an interview conducted by BARC HRD. The selected candidates are also paid scholarship or stipend for pursuing a specific program at BARC. The program is also supported by Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. 

The recruitments at BARC are for the dedicated service professionals who excel in their field of study through distinct channels. Apart from many research programs, BARC also offers jobs to many in service professionals through separate recruitment process. This notification is published on its official websites and leading newspapers. 

Saturday, 1 October 2022

All India Management Association (AIMA)

 All India Management Association (AIMA) 

About All India Management Association , AIMA 

The All India Management Association (AIMA) is an apex body for management studies established in the year 1957 with the joint efforts of Government of India and the Corporate Sector of the country. At present, it has around 61 local Management Associations, 30000 Professional Members and 3000 Corporate Members. 

The AIMA is an active member of many other organizations such as the Asian Association of Management Organizations (AAMO), the Asia-Pacific regional body of World Associations of Management Organizations (CIOS), and the South Asian Association of Management Organizations (SAAMO). It is also tied up with many overseas professional bodies such as the Australian Institute of Management (AIM), the Deakin University of Australia, the American Management Association (AMA), the Carnegie Melon University (CMU), USA, the Institute of Management United Kingdom, the Henley Management College (UK), the Singapore Institute of Management (SIM), and the International Management Association of Japan (IMAJ). 

The major study programmes include the Management Development programmes, the Management Education programmes and the Shaping Your Mind programmes.

• Management Development Programmes - AIMA under the Centre for Management Development (CMD) conducts various programmes for professional managers across the country including summits, seminars, workshops, and in-house programmes. 

Management Education Programmes - The Management Education programmes of AIMA have the following courses. 

° Post Graduate Diploma in Management, (PGDM) 

° Post Graduate Diploma in Information Technology & Management (PGDITM) 

° Professional Diplomas (PD) 

  • Professional Diploma in Human Resource Development (PDHRD) 
  • Professional Diploma International Business (PDIB) 
  • Professional Diploma in Marketing Management (PDMM) 
  • Professional Diploma in Finance (PDF)
  •  Professional Diploma in Retail Management (PDRM) 
  • Professional Diploma in Travel and Tourism (PDTT) 

° Advanced Diplomas (AD) 

  • Advanced Diploma in Finance 
  • Advanced Diploma in Marketing 
  • Advanced Diploma in Human Resource Development 
  • Advanced Diploma in Enterprise Management 

° Doctorate in Business Administration (DBA)  

The admission to two-year PGDIM programme of AIMA is based on the marks scored by the candidates in Management Aptitude Test (MAT) or the Common Admission Test (CAT) along with a graduation. The professional diploma courses offered by AIMA do not require any test. A student must be either a graduate or should possess a 3-year diploma in any discipline. The diplomas are also open to students who are enrolled in various professional courses like MBA, MFS, CA, CS, and ICWA. The admission to the Doctorate in Business Administration is based on the scores of Research Management Aptitude Test (R- MAT) and a personal interview. The R-MAT test is conducted twice a year (May and December) at all the major cities of the country. Besides qualifying in the test, the candidate should possess a Post Graduate Degree with minimum 55% marks along with minimum 50% marks in the Graduation, or a Degree in Engineering and Technology, Law, Chartered Accountancy, Cost Accountancy or any other Professional Qualification equivalent to a Post Graduate Degree with a minimum of 55% marks. A candidate should also have a minimum of 5 years of managerial experience in industry or 3 years teaching experience in a Management Institute recognized by AICTE or a University.

  • Shaping Your Mind Programmes - The AIMA conducts these programmes for professionals below 30 years and are keen to make a mark in the field of management. The main purpose of these programmes is to provide a platform for professionals to network with top notch professionals. These programmes are conducted by AIMA in close cooperation with Local Management Associations (LMAs).

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)

 All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) 

About All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) 

In India, there is a major share of technical education contributing to the overall education system. It is imparted at various levels like certificate, diploma, degree, post graduate diploma, post graduate degree, research and post doctoral research. 

The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is the statutory body established in November 1945 for proper planning and coordinating the development of the technical education system in India. At present, there are 1,346 engineering colleges in India approved by the All India Council of Technical Education with the seating capacity of 4,40,000. The AICTE Headquarters is located at Indira Gandhi Sports Complex, Indraprastha Estate, New Delhi, along with the offices of the Chairman, Vice-Chairman and the Member Secretary. There are seven regional offices in Kolkata, Chennai, Kanpur, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Bhopal and Bangalore.

The main functions of the AICTE include the coordination for development of technical education, the promotion of qualitative improvement in technical education and the maintenance of norms and standards in technical education. Its functions also include funding in priority areas, monitoring and evaluation, maintaining parity of certification and awards and ensuring coordinated and integrated development and management of technical education in the country as part of the AICTE Act No. 52 of 1987. The Council has set up a National Board of Accreditation (NBA) under Clause 10(u) of the AICTE Act, in order to periodically evaluate the technical programmes on the basis of prescribed guidelines, norms and standards. It aims to maintain the level of some of the programs offered in technical Institutions on par with the programs offered in Institutions across USA and Europe, by inducing a quality auditing system and establishing a datum for measuring the quality and excellence in engineering education. AICTE also grants approval to new technical institutions and to new courses and programs in consultation with the agencies concerned. 

The current objective of AICTE to modify the engineering curriculum is as follows. 

  • Greater emphasis on design oriented teaching, teaching of design methodologies, problem solving approach. 
  • Greater exposure to industrial and manufacturing processes. 
  • Exclusion of outmoded technologies and inclusion of the new appropriate and emerging technologies. 
  • Greater input of management education and professional communication skills. 

There are nine Bureaus of AICTE with each Bureau having an Adviser who is the Head of the Bureau and assisted by many other technical officers and staffs on deputation or on contract from various Government Departments, University Grants Commission, and academic institutions. The nine Bureaus of AICTE are given below. 

  • Faculty Development (FD) Bureau
  • Undergraduate Education (UG) Bureau 
  • Postgraduate Education and Research (PGER) Bureau 
  • Quality Assurance (QA) Bureau 
  • Planning and Co-ordination (PC) Bureau 
  • Research and Institutional Development (RID) Bureau 
  • Administration (Admin) Bureau 
  • Finance (Fin) Bureau 
  • Academic (Acad) Bureau 

Schooling in India

Schooling in India 
About Schooling in India
Schooling in India: State Level

The state level schools are established in order to provide access for all children to primary school or its equivalent non-formal education. The main objective was to reduce overall dropout rates, increase average learning achievement levels and reduce gaps in enrollments, dropouts, and learning among gender and social groups. The state governments maintain the expenditure on elementary education at the state level but had discretion to re-allocate expenditures across the districts. The major factors of the state level education are the community mobilization and participation, text books based on minimum levels of learning with the stress on the availability of books in local languages. 

Some states have also developed teacher support material, subject wise/ standard wise teacher’s manual to help teachers teach the state syllabus based books effectively. There is a general perception that the state syllabus is inferior to CBSC/ICSC syllabi.

Schooling in India: Central Board of Secondary Education 
The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. The CBSE prepares the syllabus for students from Lower Kindergarten (L.K.G) to Class 12, for schools affiliated with it. The Central Board of Secondary Education was established in order to achieve the following objectives. 
  • To prescribe conditions of examinations and conduct public examinations at the end of Class X and XII. To grant qualifying certificates to successful candidates of the affiliated schools. 
  • To fulfill the educational requirements of those students whose parents were employed in transferable jobs. 
  • To prescribe and update the courses of instructions for examinations. 
  • To affiliate institutions for the purpose of examination and raise the the academic standards of the country. 

The CBSE board promotes innovations in teaching learning methodologies by devising student friendly and student centered paradigms. It reforms in examinations and evaluation practices and encourages the skill learning by adding job oriented and job linked inputs. It also regularly updates the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators by conducting in-service training programmes, workshops, etc. The board conducts two board examinations such as the All India Secondary School Examination for Class 10 and the All India Senior School Certificate Examination for Class 12, which is a school-leaving examination. There is also a prescribed syllabus for these examinations. Many private schools throughout the country are affiliated with the CBSE. The CBSE board also conducts the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) which is a common entrance examination on all-India basis for admission to engineering and architecture/planning programmes in the country. In the same way, the Pre-medical and the Pre-dental Tests (PMT/PDT) are also conducted for medical and dental colleges after the 10+2 exams. 

Regional Offices 
  • The Central board of Secondary Education, Plot No. 1630 A, "J" Block, 15th Main Road, Anna Nagar West, Chennai. 
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education, Rajgarh Road, Rajgarh Tinali, Guwahati-781 003 
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education, Todarmal Marg, Ajmer-305 001 
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education, Sector-5, Panchkula- 134109 (Haryana)
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education, 35 B, Civil Station, M.G. Marg, Civil Lines, Allahabad-211015
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education, Shiksha Kendra, 2 Community Centre, Preet Vihar, New Delhi-110 092. 
Schooling in India: National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) 
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an apex body set up by the Government of India, with headquarters at New Delhi, to assist and advise the Central and State Governments on academic matters related to school education. The organization has been identified by the MHRD (Department of Education), Government of India as the nodal centre for strengthening value education in the country at school level. The NCERT provides academic and technical support for improvement of school education through its centers which are as given below. 
  • NIE, New Delhi 
  • CIET, New Delhi 
  • PSSCIVE, Bhopal 
  • RIE, Ajmer 
  • RIE, Bhopal 
  • RIE, Bhubaneswar 
  • RIE, Mysore 
  • NE-RIE, Shillong 
The NCERT undertakes the following programmes and activities. 

·        Research - The NCERT performs the important functions of conducting and supporting research and offers training in educational research methodology. The different Departments of the National Institute of Education (NIE), Regional Institutes of Education (RIEs), Central Institute of Educational Technology (CIET) and Pandit Sunderlal Sharma Central Institute of Vocational Education (PSSCIVE) undertake programmes of research related to different aspects of school education, including teacher education. The NCERT also supports research programmes of other nstitutions/organisations by providing financial assistance and academic guidance. There are research fellowships offered to encourage studies in school education to create a research base for developmental, training and extension programmes and to create a pool of competent research workers. ·        Development - The major developmental activities of NCERT are the development and renewal of curricula and instructional materials for various levels of school education and making them relevant to changing needs of children and society. 
·        Training - The NCERT offers the pre-service and in-service training of teachers at various levels such as pre-primary, elementary, secondary and higher secondary, and also in such areas as vocational education, educational technology, guidance and counselling, and special education. 

·        Extension - The NCERT conducts comprehensive extension programmes through various Departments of the NIE, RIEs, CIET, PSSCIVE and the offices of the Field Advisers in the states with the purpose of providing assistance to various categories of personnel, including teachers, teacher educators, educational administrators, question-paper setters, textbook writers, etc. The extension activities include conferences, 
seminars, workshops and competitions. 

·        Publication and Dissemination - The NCERT publishes textbooks for different school subjects for Classes I to XII apart from publishing many workbooks, teachers guides, supplementary readers, research reports, etc. Besides, it publishes instructional materials for the use of teacher educators, teacher trainees and in-service teachers. 

There are six journals published by NCERT for dissemination of educational information. 
  • The Primary Teacher is published both in English and Hindi giving meaningful and relevant educational inputs to primary school teachers 
  • The School Science discusses on various aspects of science education 
  • The Journal of Indian  Education encourages original and critical thinking in education through discussion on current educational issues 
  • The Indian Educational Review contains research articles 
  • The Bharatiya Adhunik Shiksha, published in Hindi, encourages critical thinking in education on contemporary issues.
  • The NCERT Newsletter published in English and Hindi. 

  • Exchange Programmes -  The NCERT interacts with UNESCO, UNICEF, UNDP, NFPA and the World Bank to study specific educational problems and to arrange training programmes for personnel from developing countries. It also acts as the Secretariat of the National Development Group (NDG) for Educational Innovations. 

Indian Certificate of Secondary Education 
The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations is committed to provide high quality educational endeavours, by empowering the students to contribute towards a humane, just and pluralistic society. The Council promotes the education of science, literature, the fine arts and the diffusion of useful knowledge by conducting school examination through the medium of English. There are three examinations conducted by ICSE. 
  • The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE – Year 10) 
  • The Indian School Certificate (ISC – Year 12)
  • The Certificate in Vocational Education (CVE – Year 12). 

The ICSE (YEAR 10) 
The ICSE conducts Class 10 examination in accordance with the recommendations of the new education policy 1986 in English Medium. The candidates appearing for the examination have to study seven subjects, with anywhere from 1 to 3 papers in each subject. 

The ISC (YEAR 12) 
The Indian School Certificate Examination is an examination conducted in English medium in accordance with the recommendations of the new education policy 1986, after a two–year course of studies beyond the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (Year 10) examination or its equivalent. 

The C.V.E (Year 12) 
The Certificate of Vocational Educational (CVE – 12) in English medium has been conducted in accordance with the recommendations of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) through the Joint Council of Vocational Education (JCVE) established under the National Policy of Education 1986. This examination can be taken by candidates after a two year course of studies beyond the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (Year 10) examination or its equivalent.

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